La Traviata, which means The Fallen Woman, is the story of a French famed courtesan named Violetta.
During the celebration of her recovery from tuberculosis, the nobleman Alfredo is introduced to her and admits his true love for her. First, she hesitates to give up her free lifestyle but then she falls deeply in love with him and they move to a country house outside Paris. However, the father of Alfredo urges Violetta to separate from his son for the sake of his family reputation. Braking her heart, she finally gives in and agrees to meet her former friends and lover. Alfredo, who does not know the reason for her separation, is so much in anger with Violetta that he humiliates her terribly in front of her friends. Alfredo's father sees his mistake, denounces his own son for his behavior and facilitates the reunion of the couple. However, Violetta's condition has worsened and she dies in the arms of Alfredo.
The music of the Italian romantic opera was composed around 1853 by Guiseppe Verdi (Italian 1813-1901). The libretto was written by Francesco Maria Piave. It is based on a novel by Alexandre Dumas.
The opera was the most-performed opera worldwide in the season 2012/13.